Direction A good way to figure out the relationship in a given question is to make up a sentence that describes the relationship between the first two words. Then, try to use the same sentence to find out which of the answer choices completes the same relationship with the third word.

Odometer is to mileage as compass is to

A. speed
B. hiking
C. needle
D. direction
Answer: D


An odometer is an instrument used to measure mileage. A compass is an instrument used to determine direction. Choices a, b, and c are incorrect because none is an instrument.


Marathon is to race as hibernation is to

A. winter
B. bear
C. dream
D. sleep
Answer: D


A marathon is a long race and hibernation is a lengthy period of sleep. The answer is not choice a or b because even though a bear and winter are related to hibernation, neither completes the analogy. (Choice c) is incorrect because sleep and dream are not synonymous.


Window is to pane as book is to

A. novel
B. glass
C. cover
D. page
Answer: D


A window is made up of panes, and a book is made up of pages. The answer is not (choice a) because a novel is a type of book. The answer is not (choice b) because glass has no relationship to a book. (Choice c) is incorrect because a cover is only one part of a book; a book is not made up of covers.


Cup is to coffee as bowl is to

A. dish
B. soup
C. spoon
D. food
Answer: B


Coffee goes into a cup and soup goes into a bowl. Choices a and c are incorrect because they are other utensils. The answer is not choice d because the word food is too general.


Yard is to inch as quart is to

A. gallon
B. ounce
C. milk
D. liquid
Answer: B


A yard is a larger measure than an inch (a yard contains 36 inches). A quart is a larger measure than an ounce (a quart contains 32 ounces). Gallon (choice a) is incorrect because it is larger than a quart. Choices c and d are incorrect because they are not units of measurement.