Sponge is to porous as rubber is to

A. massive
B. solid
C. elastic
D. inflexible

Explanation: A sponge is a porous material. Rubber is an elastic material. (Choice a) is incorrect because rubber would not generally be referred to as massive. The answer is not (choice b) because even though rubber is a solid, its most noticeable characteristic is its elasticity. Choice d is incorrect because rubber has flexibility.


a given question is to make up a sentence that describes the relationship between the first two words. Then, try to use the same sentence to find out which of the answer choices completes the same relationship with

A. arrogant
B. humble
C. joyful
D. suspicious

Explanation: Careful and cautious are synonyms (they mean the same thing). Boastful and arrogant are also synonyms. The answer is not (choice b) because humble means the opposite of boastful. The answer is not choice c or d because neither means the same as boastful.


Pen is to poet as needle is to

A. thread
B. button
C. sewing
D. tailor

Explanation: A pen is a tool used by a poet. A needle is a tool used by a tailor. The answer is not choice a, b, or c because none is a person and therefore cannot complete the analogy.


Secretly is to openly as silently is to

A. scarcely
B. impolitely
C. noisily
D. quietly

Explanation: Secretly is the opposite of openly, and silently is the opposite of noisily. Choices a and b are clearly not the opposites of silently. (Choice d) means the same thing as silently.


Embarrassed is to humiliated as frightened is to

A. terrified
B. agitated
C. courageous
D. reckless

Explanation: If someone has been humiliated, they have been greatly embarrassed. If someone is terrified, they are extremely frightened. The answer is not choice b because an agitated person is not necessarily frightened. Choices c and d are incorrect because neither word expresses a state of being frightened.